Immigration Procedure

Immigration procedure

The Canadian immigration authorities adopted a point based selection process aimed to invite skilled professionals. With the introduction of express entry system, the selection process is more streamlined, resulting in quick processing of PR visa.

To be eligible for Canada PR you need to score 67 points, which are awarded based on the below factors & these points purely depend upon the strength of the candidates profile. At Emigrantz Visa application center, we assess the candidates profile on below eligibility parameters to offer best immigration services.

  • Age
  • Education
  • Work experience
  • Whether you have a valid job offer
  • English and/or French language skills
  • Adaptability
  • Arranged Employment

For Canada PR visa you need to verify your all documents & the list of all important documents are given below:

  • Education Transcripts
  • Employment experience letter
  • Qualifying WES report
  • IELTS score card
  • Valid passport
  • Medical & police clearance certificate

(Note: According to the candidate’s profile, there may be a requirement of additional documents)

 

There are 5 different ways to get Canada PR

 

  • Express Entry

For skilled & qualified immigrants, Express entry is the best option for Canada PR visa. The basic requirements to enter this program are

  • Age under 40 years
  • Graduate in any stream
  • 2-3 years of work experience
  • Good English language skills
  • Financial stability

Express entry manages applications for 3 economic immigration programs

  • Federal Skilled Worker Program (FSWP)
  • Federal Skilled Trades Program (FSTP)
  • Canadian Experience Class (CEC)

 

  • Family Sponsorship

If your family member is already a Canadian PR or a Citizen, then they can sponsor your Canadian PR if you are above 18 years.

Below are the requirements of a sponsor:

  • Able to support their family
  • Not be under a removal order of PR
  • Not be Bankrupt
  • Not be confined or charged with a serious offence.

 

  • International Student

Canada offers great schools with affordable fee & is considered as the top destination in the world for international students because of its positive attitude towards new comers.

You can apply for Canada PR visa after completion of your study.

 

  • Provincial Nominee Programs (PNP)

As part of this process, the candidate must possess the skills, education and work experience to make an immediate economic contribution to the province or Territory that nominates them.

 

  • Quebec Skilled Worker Program

As part of this program candidates are assessed based on the rules laid down by the province. (QSWP) facilitates qualified and skilled applicants to immigrate to Quebec as skilled workers. Applicants with ample points are given a Quebec Selection Certificate (CSQ) which can be used to apply for a Canadian permanent residency.

 

Canada Points system.

A score of 67 points or higher is required to qualify for Canadian migration. The 6 selection factors that highly influence the points under Comprehensive Ranking System (CRS) are:

  • Age
  • Language Proficiency
  • Education
  • Work Experience
  • Arranged Employment
  • Adaptability

 

Age (Maximum 12 points)

Points are awarded based on your age and the day the application is submitted.

AgePoints
Under 180
18-3512
3611
3710
389
398
407
416
425
434
443
452
461
47 and older0

 

Language Proficiency (Maximum 28 points)

English and French are Canada’s official languages and the ability to communicate in 1 or both the languages, helps the candidate in job market.

Points are rewarded based on the language skills in English & French and based on the ability to:

  • Write
  • Read
  • Listen
  • Speak

As part of this process, Immigration Authorities accept language test results furnished by the agency, which is approved by Citizenship and Immigration Canada (CIC)

Canadian Language Benchmark (CLB) for English.

Niveaux de compétence linguistique canadiens (NCLC) for French

A minimum level of CLB 7 and NCLC 7 is expected for 1 official language in all 4 language areas. And for second official language minimum level expected is CLB 5 or NCLC 5 in all four areas.

 

Language points calculation

First official LanguageSpeakingListeningReadingWriting
CLB level 9 or higher6666
CLB level 85555
CLB level 74444
Below CLB level 7Not eligible to apply

 

Second Official LanguagePoints
At least CLB5 in all of the four abilities4
CLB 4 or less in any of the four abilities0

 

Education

A maximum of 25 points are rewarded based on your education. Furnish the Canadian Diploma/ certificate or have the foreign education assessed by an agency approved by CIC.

EducationPoints
Doctorate PhD level25
Master’s level of professional Degree23
Two or more post-secondary credentials22
Three-year or longer post-secondary credential21
Two-year post-secondary credential19
One-year post-secondary credential15
Secondary school/high school diploma5

 

Work Experience

Maximum of 15 points are rewarded for doing full time job or part time job. The selection factor points consider work experience if it was

  • In Canada or abroad
  • While you were studying
  • While being self-employed

National Occupation Classification (NOC)

NOC is a system used to classify jobs in Canadian economy. It describes duties, skills, talents and work settings for different jobs.

ExperiencePoints
1 year9
2-3 years11
4-5 years13
6 or more years15

 

Arranged Employment

Points are rewarded for a permanent, full time job offer from a Canadian employer. The job must be arranged before you apply to come to Canada as a Federal skilled worker.

A Valid job offer must be:

  • Full-time, non-seasonal, permanent job for at least 1 year.
  • In an occupation listed as Skill Type 0 or Skill Level A or B of the NOC.

The below chart illustrates the points

Condition points
You currently work in Canada on a work permit and you meet all of the following conditionsYour work permit is valid both when you apply and when the permanent resident visa is issued (or you’re allowed to work in Canada without a permit when your permanent resident visa is issued).10

 

CIC issued your work permit based on a positive Labour Market Impact Assessment (LMIA) from Employment and Social Development Canada (ESDC). Your employer would have applied for the LMIA, which you then had to attach to your application to CIC.
You are working for an employer named on your work permit who has made a permanent job offer based on you being accepted as a skilled worker.

 

ConditionPoints
You currently work in Canada in a job that is exempt from the LMIA requirement under an international agreement (such as, the North American Free Trade Agreement) or a federal-provincial agreement.Your work permit is valid both when you apply and when the permanent resident visa is issued (or you’re allowed to work in Canada without a permit when your permanent resident visa is issued).10
Your current employer has made a valid job offer based on you being accepted as a skilled worker.
You are currently working for the employer specified on your work permit.
You have been working for that employer for at least 1 year, continuous full-time or part-time equivalent.

 

Condition Points
You must meet all of the following conditionsYou currently don’t have a work permit, or don’t plan to work in Canada before you get a permanent resident visa.10
An employer has a LMIA.
That employer has made you a valid job offer based on that LMIA and on you being accepted as a skilled worker.

 

Condition Points
You must meet all of the following conditionsYou have a valid work permit or are allowed to work in Canada without a work permit.10
You’re currently working in Canada in a job that is exempt from a LMIA, but it is not under an international, federal-provincial agreement or because of significant benefit to Canadian interests.
An employer other than the one you are currently working for:·        Has a LMIA

Has made you a valid job offer based on that LMIA and on you being accepted as a skilled worker.

Note:

LMIAs and valid job offers

You can’t get a LMIA (your employer must do this for you).

Employment and Social Development Canada will only confirm valid job offers for occupations listed in skill type 0, or skill level A or B, of the NOC.

 

Adaptability

You and your spouse or common-law partner who will immigrate with you to Canada can earn points for adaptability. You and your spouse can earn a maximum of 10 points by combining any of the elements below. These elements assess how well you and your spouse are likely to settle in Canada.

AdaptabilityPoints
Your spouse or partner’s language level. Your spouse or common-law partner has a language level in either English or French at CLB 4 level or higher in all 4 language abilities (speaking, listening, reading and writing).

To get these points, you must submit your spouse or common-law partner’s test results from an approved agency when you apply. The language tests are valid for 2 years after the date of the test result. They must be valid on the day you apply for permanent residence.

5
Your past studies in Canada. You completed at least 2 academic years of full-time study (in a program at least 2 years long) at a secondary or post-secondary school in Canada.

Full-time study means at least 15 hours of classes per week. You must have stayed in good academic standing (as set out by the school) during that time.

5
Your spouse or partner’s past studies in Canada. Your spouse or common-law partner completed at least 2 academic years of full-time study (in a program at least 2 years long) at a secondary or post-secondary school in Canada.

Full-time study means at least 15 hours of classes per week, and your spouse or partner must have stayed in good academic standing (as set out by the school) during that time.

5
Your past work in Canada. You did at least 1 year of full-time work in Canada:

In a job listed in Skill Type 0 or Skill Levels A or B of the National Occupational Classification (NOC).

And, with a valid work permit, or while authorized to work in Canada.

10

 

Your spouse or common-law partner’s past work in Canada. Your spouse or partner did at least 1 year of full-time work in Canada on a valid work permit or while authorized to work in Canada.5

 

Arranged employment in Canada. You earned points for having arranged employment.5
Relatives in Canada. You, or your spouse or common-law partner, have a relative who is:

living in Canada

18 years or older and a Canadian citizen or permanent resident

This relative must be a:

·        parent

·        grandparent

·        child

·        grandchild

·        your or your spouse’s sibling (child of your or your spouse’s parent)

·        your or your spouse’s aunt or uncle (by blood or marriage)

·        your or your spouse’s niece or nephew (grandchild of your or your spouse’s parent)

5

 

Eligibility criteria for Australia immigration:

  • Age under 45 years
  • Diploma or a Bachelor’s degree in any stream.
  • Relevant work experience of 2 or more years
  • A score of 65 points (Australia’s points system)
  • Ability to read, write & speak English
  • No criminal records.
  • Free from major health issues.

 

  • Categories of Australian PR visa:

The Australian immigration authorities have simplified the process to obtain a PR visa, which is commonly known as skilled-migration visa. Below are few categories:

  1. Skilled independent visa (Subclass 189)
  • Age below 45
  • Minimum of 65 points
  • Skills matching the in-demand list.
  • Meet the basic eligibility parameters.
  • Must have an invitation to apply for PR
  • Need to apply for PR without a sponsor

 

2. Skilled Nominated Visa (Subclass 190)

  • Nomination sponsored by employer or the territory government based on your skills through employer nomination program.
  • Flexibility to work in any sector within the nominated states of Australia.
  • Profession must be in the In-demand list.

 

3. Skilled Regional Sponsored Visa (Subclass 491)

  • Attain nomination or sponsorship from state, territory or a relative.
  • Minimum score of 65 points as per the points grid
  • Can work & stay in Australia for 5 years and apply for citizenship.
  • Must have the desired skills

 

Australia Points table system:

A minimum score of 65 points are expected for the eligibility, below are few factors:

Age

Age points
18 – 24 years25 Points
25 – 32 years30 Points
33 – 39 years25 Points
40 – 44 years15 Points

Language Proficiency: below table illustrates the points awarded based on the English proficiency.

TestIELTSOETPoints
Competent Level6B0 points
Proficient Level7B10 points
Superior Level8A20 points

 

Employment in Australia: having worked in Australia can help you score points.

Australian EmploymentPoints
less than a year0 points
At least one but less than three years5 points
At least three but less than five years10 points
At least five but less than eight years15 points
At least eight20 points

 

Employment outside Australia: Scores are awarded based on your work experience outside of Australia.

Employment outside AustraliaPoints
less than a 3 years0 points
At least three but less than five years5 points
At least five but less than eight years10 points
At least eight years15 points

 

Educational qualification:

Educational qualificationsPoints
Doctorate from an Australian educational institution or other doctorates of a recognized standard20 points
At least a bachelor’s degree from an Australian educational institution or other degrees of a recognized standard15 points
Diploma or trade qualification completed in Australia10 points
An award or qualification recognized by the assessing authority in the assessment of the skilled occupation10 points
One or more degrees, diplomas or trade qualifications awarded by an Australian educational institution as per Australian standards5 points

 

Other factors:

Other FactorsPoints
Certified in community language5 points
Study & adaptability in regional Australia or low population metropolitan area5 points
Nomination by state/territory government (subclass 190 only)5 points
Partner skill qualifications5 points
Completion of a Professional Year in Australia5 points
Nomination by state Government or a relative in Regional Area.15 points
Partner skills10 points

 

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